Chemical Control Strategies for Fruit Fly (Drosophila spp.) Management in Citrus Orchards

Authors

  • Dr. Nasir Mahmood Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Prof. Shazia Yasmin Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Dr. Vijay Kumar Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

Keywords:

Fruifly, Malathion, Diptrex, Dimethoate, Diclorvos, Dutiful

Abstract

Fruit flies (Drosophila spp.) pose a significant threat to citrus orchards worldwide, leading to substantial economic losses through infestation and subsequent fruit damage. This research investigates the efficacy of chemical control strategies employing diptrex, dutiful, malathion, dichlorvos, and dimethoate, representing a diverse array of chemical insecticides, for the management of fruit flies in citrus orchards. The study encompasses a randomized block design, with each chemical insecticide assigned to distinct blocks within the citrus orchard. Treatments are applied during critical developmental stages of the fruit fly life cycle, considering factors such as adult emergence, egg laying, and larval infestation. Monitoring protocols involve regular assessments of fruit fly populations, fruit damage levels, and residual effects of the chemical treatments. Preliminary findings suggest varying degrees of efficacy among the chemical insecticides, with diptrex and dutiful exhibiting promising results in suppressing fruit fly populations and mitigating fruit damage. Malathion, a widely used organophosphate insecticide, demonstrates moderate effectiveness, while dichlorvos and dimethoate show varying impacts on fruit fly management. This research contributes crucial insights into the effectiveness of chemical control strategies, shedding light on the potential of diptrex and dutiful as alternatives in integrated pest management programs. The outcomes aim to inform citrus growers, policymakers, and researchers on the optimal utilization of chemical insecticides for sustainable fruit fly management in citrus orchards. The implications of these findings extend beyond immediate pest control, addressing broader concerns of orchard health, environmental impact, and the sustainability of citrus production systems.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Dr. Nasir Mahmood, Prof. Shazia Yasmin, & Dr. Vijay Kumar. (2023). Chemical Control Strategies for Fruit Fly (Drosophila spp.) Management in Citrus Orchards. Indus Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 1(02), 38–42. Retrieved from https://induspublishers.com/IJAPS/article/view/71