Prevalence, Risk Factors, And Parasitological Examinations of Trypanosoma Evansi in Camels in Bhakar, Pakistan


  • Zaheer Ahmad Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan
  • Mubarik Ali Animal Science Institute, National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Norina Jabeen Department of Rural Sociology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan


Camels, Parasitic infestations, Prevalence of trypanosomiasis, Risk factors, Seasonal variations, Surra


Objectives: This study conducted in Bhakar, assessed prevalence, risk factors, and parasitological examinations of Trypanosoma evansi in camels.

Methods: A total of 140 camels were integrated in this study from District Bhakar during 2022-23.

Results: Among them, 8 camels tested positive for T. evansi, resulting in a prevalence rate of 5.71%. This relatively low prevalence indicated that the infection is not widespread among camels in the Bhakar district. The analysis of risk factors revealed no significant alterations in the infection rates between male and female camels. Both male and female camels exhibited similar prevalence rates, with 4.34% and 5.98% respectively. This suggested that T. evansi infection does not exhibit a sex bias in this population of camels. Regarding the potential risk factors examined in this study, including vector control measures, veterinary care, management practices, and awareness pertaining to the disease, no statistically significant associations were found with T. evansi infection. Although some weak associations were observed, such as insufficient vector control measures, inadequate veterinary care, poor management practices, and lack of awareness, these associations did not reach statistical significance.

Conclusion: The findings of this study provided valuable insights into the prevalence and risk factors associated with T. evansi in camels in Bhakar. The relatively low prevalence suggested that the current control measures and management practices implemented in the area may have some effectiveness in preventing and controlling T. evansi infection. However, it is crucial to continue monitoring and surveillance efforts to detect any changes in prevalence and risk factors that may require adjustments in control strategies.




How to Cite

Zaheer Ahmad, Mubarik Ali, & Norina Jabeen. (2023). Prevalence, Risk Factors, And Parasitological Examinations of Trypanosoma Evansi in Camels in Bhakar, Pakistan. Indus Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 1(01), 28–33. Retrieved from