Analyze The Socioeconomic Consequences of Locust Outbreaks on Agriculture, Rural Communities, And Food Security
Keywords:Biological control, Crop infestation, Insecticide treatment, Locust outbreaks, Losses of crops
Background: Locust infestations have long been recurrent threats that inflict havoc on agriculture, rural communities, and global food security.
Objectives: This study examines the socioeconomic consequences of locust outbreaks on agriculture, rural communities, and food security in Pakistan.
Methods: The severity of locust outbreaks and resulting crop losses were analyzed in different regions.
Results: In Punjab, the outbreak was categorized as high severity with a crop loss of 40%. Similarly, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa experienced a high severity outbreak with crop losses of 45%. In Sindh and Balochistan, the outbreaks had a moderate severity with crop losses of 30% in both regions. The outbreaks led to a significant decrease in rural employment from 65% to 40% and a decrease in household income from 60,000 PKR to 35,000 PKR. The prevalence of food insecurity increased from 20% to 45%.
Conclusion: These findings highlight the need for effective management strategies, including early warning systems, community-based surveillance, and diverse crop protection methods, to mitigate the negative effects of locust outbreaks and ensure agricultural productivity, rural livelihoods, and food security in Pakistan.
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