Assessing The Role of Maize Cultivation in Poverty Alleviation, Food Security and Employment Generation in Rural Areas
Keywords:Agriculture inputs, Farmers livelihood, Maize cultivation, Poverty alleviation
Objectives: This research aimed to examine the role of maize cultivation in poverty alleviation, food security, and employment generation in rural areas.
Methods: The study was conducted in district Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, and involved a sample of 79 farmers. Data was collected through surveys, interviews, and secondary sources.
Results: The findings revealed that maize cultivation was perceived as a significant source of employment and income generation by the majority of participants. However, there was no significant association between maize cultivation and household food security or poverty reduction according to participants' perceptions. The study highlighted the diversification of livelihoods among farmers, with engagement in both on-farm and off-farm activities.
Conclusion: These insights emphasize the need for integrated approaches to rural development that consider multiple dimensions, including income generation, food security, and poverty reduction. The findings of this study can inform in designing targeted interventions that harness the benefits of maize cultivation for sustainable rural development.
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